8. mart

rose1 Bread and rose, Hungarian title: Kenyér és Rózsa, Artist: Antal Gunda, 1961





Радници и раднице индустрије одеће и текстила у Њуjорку марширали су 8. марта 1857. захтевајући боље услове рада, краће радно време и једнака права за жене. Велики раднички штрајк 1912. у Масачусетсу носио је назив Хлеб и руже. Социјалисткиња и феминисткиња Роза Шнајдерман је тражила хлеб и руже за раднице. Хлеб је овде симбол економске сигурности, а руже симбол достојанственог живота.

Workers of the clothing and textile industry in New York marched on March 8, 1857, demanding better working conditions, shorter working hours and equal rights for women. Big workers’ strike in 1912 in Masachusets was known as Bread and Roses. Socialist and feminist Rosa Sneiderman coined the phrase Bread and roses. Bread being the symbol of economic security and roses the symbol of a dignified life. „Yes it is bread we fight for—but we fight for roses, too!“

This inspired James Oppenheim to write his poem, „Bread and Roses“, which was set to music by Caroline Kohlsaat.

As we come marching, marching in the beauty of the day,
A million darkened kitchens, a thousand mill lofts gray,
Are touched with all the radiance that a sudden sun discloses,
For the people hear us singing: „Bread and roses! Bread and roses!“

As we come marching, marching, we battle too for men,
For they are women’s children, and we mother them again.
Our lives shall not be sweated from birth until life closes;
Hearts starve as well as bodies; give us bread, but give us roses!

As we come marching, marching, unnumbered women dead
Go crying through our singing their ancient cry for bread.
Small art and love and beauty their drudging spirits knew.
Yes, it is bread we fight for — but we fight for roses, too!

As we come marching, marching, we bring the greater days.
The rising of the women means the rising of the race.
No more the drudge and idler — ten that toil where one reposes,
But a sharing of life’s glories: Bread and roses! Bread and roses!

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